经济为何不再增长?

米兰—多年来,发达和发展中国家试验了一系列增长办法——有时是有意为之,大部分是无心插柳。不幸的是,这些战略多具有内生性极限或减速效应——也可以称之为不可持续性。要想避免严重伤害和复苏不力,就必须及早认清这些自我局限的增长模式。

我们来讨论一些有减速效应的增长模型,这方面的例子正在日渐增多。

在发展中国家,以进口替代作为经济多样化的启动手段可以在短期内见效,但假以时日,随着生产率增长的落后和比较优势弱化,增长会陷入停滞。

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