Die Kontrolle über Chinas Währung

PEKING – Es ist unbestreitbar, dass China zu viel Geld in Umlauf bringt. Aber die Gründe für Chinas massives Liquiditätswachstum – und die effektivste Strategie, es unter Kontrolle zu bringen – sind weniger offensichtlich.

Das letzte Jahrzehnt war in China ein “goldenes Zeitalter” hohen Wachstums und geringer Inflation. Zwischen 2003 und 2012 wuchs das BIP des Landes jährlich durchschnittlich um 10,5%, und die Preise stiegen nur um durchschnittlich 3%. Aber angesichts dessen, dass das nie dagewesene Tempo und Ausmaß der chinesischen Geldmengenexpansion immer noch zu hoher Inflation, Schuldenwachstum und Kapitalflucht führen könnte, bleibt es problematisch.

Daten der Chinesischen Volksbank zufolge lag die (weit gefasste) Geldmenge M2 des Landes Ende letzten Jahres bei 97,4 Billionen Yuan (15,6 Billionen USD) oder 188% des BIP. Zum Vergleich: In den Vereinigten Staaten beträgt die M2 nur etwa 63% des BIP. Der Standard Chartered Bank zufolge nimmt China in Bezug auf die M2 und neu ausgegebenes Geld weltweit den ersten Platz ein.. 2011 gingen etwa 52% der weltweit neu in Umlauf gebrachten Liquidität auf China zurück.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in

  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now