Když Indie hlasuje

KÉRALA, INDIE – Od letošního dubna se začne uskutečňovat největší praktické naplnění demokracie v dějinách, když indičtí voliči zamíří k volebním urnám, aby zvolili nové národní shromáždění. Od získání nezávislosti Indie to učinili už čtrnáctkrát. A pokaždé když Indie hlasovala, šlo o největší naplnění volební demokracie. Díky rostoucímu počtu obyvatel Indie neustále překonává vlastní rekord.

Tentokrát čítá elektorát 714 milionů voličů, což je oproti předchozím všeobecným volbám z roku 2004 nárůst o 43 milionů. Hlasy pro více než 5000 kandidátů ze sedmi celostátních politických stran a několika státních a dalších uskupení se budou vhazovat v 828 804 volebních místnostech roztroušených po celé zemi. Do volebního procesu se zapojí čtyři miliony členů volebních komisí a 6,1 milionu policistů i civilních zaměstnanců.

Zmíněná čísla jsou tak obrovská, že volby budou rozloženy do pěti etap a skončí teprve 13. května, přičemž členové volebních komisí a bezpečnostních složek se po ukončení hlasování v jednom státě přesunou do státu jiného. Navzdory rozfázovanému hlasování započne sčítání hlasů v celé zemi okamžitě po skončení poslední fáze a 16. května budou všude oznámeny volební výsledky. Nový parlament poprvé zasedne 2. června, aby zvolil novou vládu, která nahradí odstupující administrativu premiéra Manmóhana Singha.

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