跨越财政悬崖

伯克利——除非发生意外,否则12年来美国众多法律规定的减税措施(其中很多都被明确规定为临时性措施)将于2013年伊始同时终止。一夜之间,美国将恢复克林顿时代的税率。

实行减税措施是为了抵御四年前暂时性的经济低迷。但支持者希望实现其永久化,称当时只是为了规避立法过程中民主党保证财政合理性的无效的程序性规定才将其确定为临时性措施。

减税计划到期后税率即刻调升还不是全部问题。与此同时,民主共和两党于2011年夏达成的自动削减国防预算和“自由裁量”国内消费的协议也将开始实施。

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