Voda pro všechny

Tento měsíc se voda opět dostane do centra dění, a to na čtvrtém Světovém fóru o vodě v Mexico City. Je to příhodný okamžik: zatímco se velká část světové pozornosti upírá na otázky spojené s dodávkami a bezpečností energie, stamiliony lidí v rozvojovém světě i nadále pokládají za neméně důležité – ne-li důležitější – dodávky a bezpečnost sladké vody.

Průzkumy provedené Světovou bankou v rozvojových zemích ukazují, že když jsou lidé požádáni, aby vyjmenovali tři věci, na nichž jim nejvíce záleží, vždy uvedou „pevné zdraví“. A klíčovým určujícím faktorem pevného zdraví je přístup k čisté vodě.

Více než miliarda lidí po celém světě ho dnes nemá. V důsledku toho jsou stále náchylnější ke špatnému zdravotnímu stavu. Světová banka odhaduje, že do roku 2035 budou žít téměř tři miliardy lidí, téměř bez výjimky v rozvojových zemích, v podmínkách těžké nouze o vodu, zvláště budou-li shodou okolností bydlet v Africe, na Blízkém východě či v jihovýchodní Asii. To způsobí nejen očividné těžkosti, ale zároveň to zbrzdí hospodářský růst, který miliony lidí potřebují k tomu, aby vybředly z chudoby.

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