John Sommers II/Stringer

La justicia económica y la elección presidencial estadounidense

STANFORD/NUEVA YORK – Este año, los votantes estadounidenses expresaron su descontento volcándose en grandes números en favor de candidatos anti‑establishment, tanto en el Partido Demócrata como en el Republicano. Un factor detrás del malestar del electorado es evidente: muchos estadounidenses de a pie creen que las cartas están marcadas en su contra. Ante la pregunta de “¿Cree usted que el sistema económico estadounidense favorece en general a los ricos, o es justo con la mayoría de los estadounidenses?”, un asombroso 71% de los encuestados (incluida una mayoría de los republicanos) dijo que el sistema favorece a los ricos.

Una causa importante de esta percepción es el régimen tributario. Cuando se pregunta a los estadounidenses en concreto por los impuestos, aparece el mismo mensaje: una mayoría de los votantes (62%) cree que el sistema impositivo estadounidense favorece a los ricos. En respuesta a este creciente resentimiento, los candidatos presidenciales de los dos partidos prometieron restablecer la justicia económica y reformar el sistema tributario.

Los tres candidatos anti‑establishment más notorios propusieron soluciones marcadamente diferentes. Bernie Sanders, un independiente que se presenta por los demócratas, propone aumentar los impuestos para recaudar 15,3 billones de dólares más a lo largo de la próxima década. Según su plan, las subas más altas serían para los ricos, con un tipo impositivo marginal que llegaría al 54,2% para los estadounidenses más adinerados.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now