Janet Yellen federal reserve Yin Bogu/ZumaPress

ФРС замучила уже

НЬЮ-ЙОРК – Каждый год в конце августа представители центральных банков и финансисты со всего мира собираются в Джексон-Хоул (штат Вайоминг) на экономический симпозиум, организуемый Федеральной резервной системой США. В этом году участников симпозиума встречала большая группа в основном молодых людей, включавшая афро- и испано-американцев.

Эта группа собралась там не столько ради протеста, сколько для информирования гостей мероприятия. Они хотели, чтобы приехавшие чиновники поняли, что от их решений зависит жизнь рядовых людей, а не только финансистов, обеспокоенных влиянием инфляции на стоимость их облигаций или тем, как повышение учетной ставки отразится на их портфелях акций. Надписи на зеленых футболках протестующих говорили о том, что для этих американцев никакого восстановления роста экономики не было.

Даже сейчас, семь лет спустя после начала «Великой рецессии», вызванной мировым экономическим кризисом, «официальная» безработица среди афро-американцев превышает 9%. Согласно более широкому (и более точному) определению, включающему трудящихся с неполной занятостью, которые ищут работу с полной занятостью, и частично занятых рабочих, уровень безработицы в США в целом равен 10,3%. Однако для афро-американцев – особенно молодых – этот уровень намного выше. Например, для афро-американцев в возрасте 17-20 лет, окончивших школу, но не поступивших в колледж, уровень безработицы превышает 50%. Разница между сегодняшним уровнем занятости и тем, каким он должен быть, составляет примерно три миллиона человек.

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