Margaret Scott

Учитывая историю Восточной Азии

СЕУЛ – Недавно китайские, южнокорейские и японские дипломаты вышли на трибуну Генеральной Ассамблеи Организации Объединенных Наций, чтобы переобозначить позиции своих стран касательно территориальных вопросов, связанных с несколькими небольшими островами в морях Восточной Азии. Однако сдержанная манера, в которой они доносят свои замечания, противоречит существующей между этими странами затяжной напряженности по вопросу принадлежности островов, которая за последние месяцы практически достигла точки кипения.

Центром одного из горячих споров между Китаем и Японией являются острова Сэнкаку, которые китайцы называют островами Дяоюйдао. В сентябре правительство Японии объявило о покупке трех островов у частных японских владельцев, чем вызвало протесты по всему Китаю. Вскоре после этого сотни китайских рыболовных судов подошли к островам, чтобы защитить китайский суверенитет. Позднее к этим судам присоединилось большое число китайских наблюдательных сил, которые периодически заходят в территориальные воды, окружающие острова, что иногда приводит к прямой конфронтации с японскими патрульными кораблями.

В ситуации, угрожающей дальнейшей эскалацией, обе стороны должны сдержать конфликт и быстро восстановить статус-кво. Действительно, ситуация еще более нестабильна, учитывая происходящий в настоящее время в Китае политический переход.

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