Tesco GirlInLimbo/Flickr

鼓励工作

圣地亚哥——有些政策从经济上看并不明智,因为带来本可避免的效率低下。而有些又冷酷无情,因为造成不必要的人类痛苦。集没有经济意义和冷酷无情于一身的政策却不多。但英国保守党政府居然做到了这一点,因为他们削减了低收入工人税收抵免政策。

2003年工党政府模仿美国劳动所得税扣抵制推出了这套政策。两者都起到了类似低收入者工资补贴式的现实作用——在削减(尤其是需要养活幼童的妇女)贫困的同时鼓励人们去工作。

成功引来了效仿者。2004-2005年土耳其实行了区域针对性就业补贴政策。我担任智利财政部长时,我们中间偏左的政府也于2008年实行了重点帮助年轻人的工资补贴政策。南非政府2014年也采取了差不多的举措。其他中等收入国家也已讨论采取类似的政策。

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