Dean Rohrer

土耳其的国家信仰

发自安卡拉——在长达几十年的故意忽视和不信任之后,土耳其官方终于开始采取一系列措施来保障该国非穆斯林群体的权利,并以此确保所有土耳其公民,无论拥有何种信仰,种族和语言,都能平等地享受到法治。

土耳其的宗教少数群体,包括希腊东正教徒、亚美尼亚人、亚述人,卡尔达尼人和其他基督教派系,还有犹太人,都是整个土耳其社会的一部分。作为土耳其政府终结一切形式的歧视非穆斯林社区政策的新动议的一部分,总统阿卜杜拉·居尔一方面接见了伊斯坦堡希腊东正教牧首巴塞洛缪一世(Bartholemew I),另一方面则分别访问了哈塔依(Hatay)地区的一所基督教堂和犹太教堂——这对土耳其总统来说还是头一次。

在2009年八月,土耳其总理厄尔多安在马尔马拉海王子群岛中最大的岛屿Büyükada岛上会见了各宗教少数派领袖,并听取了他们的困难和意见。而这也是政府试图加强各宗教文明包容感的明确信号。而作为副总理,笔者也在2010年三月会见了宗教少数群体代表,并分别在2010和2011年拜访了亚美尼亚和希腊东正教牧首。同样,土耳其的欧盟事务部长埃盖曼·巴厄什(Egemen Bağış)也在不同场合与相关宗教少数群体的领袖进行了会面。

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