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¿Democracia intolerante o liberalismo no democrático?

CAMBRIDGE – ¿Cómo llegamos a esto? En unos cuantos meses, el que Donald Trump llegue la Presidencia de Estados Unidos ha pasado de ser una especulación ridícula a una posibilidad terrorífica. ¿Cómo un hombre con tan poca experiencia política y un desprecio tan evidente por los hechos podría acercarse tanto a ocupar la Casa Blanca?

En un ensayo muy debatido, Andrew Sullivan argumentó hace poco que cabe culpar el ascenso de Trump a un “exceso de democracia”. Según él, el antiintelectualismo de la extrema derecha y el antielitismo de la extrema izquierda han empujado a los costados al establishment político. Al mismo tiempo, la Internet ha servido de amplificador de la influencia de los enfadados y los ignorantes. Hoy en política no importan la sustancia ni la ideología, sino la disposición a dar voz a las quejas más desagradables de la gente, habilidad en la que Trump sin duda destaca.

En una incisiva respuesta, Michael Lind argumenta que Sullivan ve el asunto al revés: el verdadero culpable es “la falta de democracia”, señalando que a Trump le ha ido mejor entre los votantes que creen que “la gente como yo no tiene paño que cortar”.

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