危机的考验

华沙 ——

类似当前金融危机这样的插曲,严重扰乱了经济的增长。不过,人们的追问应当关注于此类插曲对于长期发展所造成的冲击;然而令人感到惊讶的是,这一问题却未能引起多少兴趣。

传统增长理论聚焦于系统性力量(比如资本积累、就业与技术变革),这类力量显然始终都在发挥着作用, 尽管其作用程度会有所变化。某些理论也考虑到了诸如产权、市场竞争、税收与规制负担以及法治水平等深层制度性因素。

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