Торговля и Третий Мир

Лицемерие и торговля, как показывает решение Америки поднять тарифы на импорт стали, могут хорошо сочетаться друг с другом. Несмотря на ожидаемое признание со стороны Всемирной Торговой Организации (ВТО) неправомерности таких действий, развивающиеся страны остаются настороже. На протяжении многих лет они (Индия в особенности) заявляют, что ВТО является инструментом в руках богатых стран, и оказывают сопротивление многому из того, что предпринимает эта организация. Действительно, до встречи министров торговли стран - членов ВТО в Дохе в начале нынешнего года Индия выступала против нового раунда торговых переговоров, дальнейшей либерализации торговли промышленными товарами и введения торговых санкций против стран, не соблюдающих минимальные трудовые стандарты.

То, что ВТО в основном является инструментом могущественных промышленных стран, конечно же, верно. Но и категорически выступать против деятельности этой организации тоже не стоит. ВТО и Север вообще требуют более тонкого, более продуманного подхода.

ВТО утверждает, что является демократической организацией, управление которой осуществляется по принципу: одна страна - один голос. Однако если проследить за ее деятельностью, становится ясно, что богатые страны легко обходят эту «досадную» демократическую формальность путем закулисного лоббирования с целью заранее обеспечить проведение нужного им курса.

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