トクヴィルの民主主義レッスン

アレクシス・ド・トクヴィル生誕から200年が過ぎた今、民主主義の本質が世界で議論されていることは、イラク戦争を踏まえ、適切であると思われる。トクヴィルは、復古的なノスタルジアを拒否し、民主主義の勝利が私たちの宿命であると考えたことで、そして一方で、民主主義が自由に対して持っている危険性を警告したことで当然ながら有名である。では、私たちは未だ彼の心配を共有するべきであろうか?

トクヴィルは民主主義を単なる政治的体制として見ていたのではなく、何よりも、

社会の文化全般を形作る知的体制として捉えていた。それによって、社会学的、心理学的側面を与えたのだ。トクヴィルは、民主主義体制が私たちの考え、欲求、そして情熱を決定すると主張した。ちょうどルネッサンスを起こした者がいたように、そして20世紀におけるhomo sovieticusのように、「民主主義を起こす者」もまた、人間の一形態なのである。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/ksMBJau/ja;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.