Válka proti iráckým dětem

Irácké děti netrpí jen několika po sobě jdoucími válkami a ekonomickými sankcemi. Ztráta rodičů a rodinných prostředků zvýšila podíl dětské práce, počet dětí bez domova i sklony k násilí a vzpourám. Děti dnes často žijí v domech, kde plochu 40 metrů čtverečních obývá 25 lidí. V jediném šestimetrovém pokoji mohou žít i úplné rodiny s pěti dětmi.

Zvýšení podílu dětské práce odráží zoufalou ekonomickou situaci rodin: děti bývají často jedinými živiteli a jejich práce je levná. Například firmy podnikající v oblasti komunálních služeb raději zaměstnávají děti, aby snížily náklady. Děti zde lze využít pro práci v zemědělství nebo jako vrátné. Mnohé z nich pracují na hromadách odpadu, který buďto přemisťují jinam nebo sbírají prázdné lahve a plechovky a ty pak prodávají.

Jiné děti nakládají a dopravují zboží na trhy, kde musí tahat vozíky o hmotnosti 60-70 kilogramů a přenášet patnáctikilové krabice při teplotách 50 stupňů Celsia. Dvě děti mohou vyložit celé nákladní auto vezoucí 1 000 kilogramů potravin.

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