战乱中的伊拉克儿童

让伊拉克儿童遭受痛苦的不仅是绵延战乱和经济制裁。父母和家庭资源的缺失引发了儿童劳工、无家可归和暴力及反叛等问题。他们现在的居家环境通常是25个人挤在40平方米的空间里。甚至连完整的家庭也可能是父母和5个子女居住在六米见方的一居室里。

儿童劳工的增加直接反映了家庭的经济状况:儿童经常是家庭中唯一的收入来源,而且还是廉价劳力。例如,市政工程的承包商就愿意使用童工以降低成本。在此情况下,儿童可以被用作农业劳力或是从事看门一类的工作。许多儿童在垃圾堆里出没,要么将垃圾运到其他地方,要么收集空瓶罐卖钱。

其他的儿童在市场从事装卸和搬运货物的工作。他们必须在50摄氏度的气温下拉动重量为60-70公斤的货车并搬运15公斤重的货箱。两名儿童可能会负责给一辆装载着1000公斤食品的卡车卸货。

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