Paul Lachine

Los riesgos a la baja del repunte

RIO DE JANEIRO - Desde finales del año pasado, una serie de acontecimientos positivos ha impulsado la confianza de los inversores y llevó a un marcado incremento en los activos de riesgo, partiendo por los valores globales y las materias primas. Mejoraron los datos macroeconómicos de Estados Unidos y las empresas de primera línea de las economías avanzadas han seguido siendo muy rentables. China y los mercados emergentes se desaceleraron moderadamente, y se redujo el riesgo de una suspensión de pagos caótica y/o la salida de algunos miembros de la eurozona.

Más aún, bajo su nuevo presidente, Mario Draghi, el Banco Central Europeo parece dispuesto a hacer todo lo necesario para reducir el estrés en el sistema bancario y los gobiernos de la eurozona, así como reducir las tasas de interés. Los bancos centrales de las economías avanzadas y emergentes han proporcionado grandes inyecciones de liquidez. La volatilidad es baja, la confianza aumenta y la aversión al riesgo es mucho menor... por ahora.

Pero por lo menos este año es probable que se hagan realidad cuatro riesgos a la baja, socavando el crecimiento global y finalmente afectando negativamente la confianza de los inversores y las valoraciones del mercado de los activos de riesgo.

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