La tiranía del Rey Algodón

A los estadounidenses les gusta pensar que si los países pobres no hacen más que abrir sus mercados, habrá prosperidad de manera natural. Lamentablemente, en lo que concierne a la agricultura, esto no es más que retórica. Estados Unidos habla sólo de la boca para afuera acerca de los principios del libre mercado, favoreciendo a los grupos de presión de Washington y a los contribuyentes de las campañas, que exigen exactamente lo opuesto. De hecho, son los propios subsidios agrícolas de EE.UU. lo que ha contribuido a acabar, al menos por ahora, con la así llamada Ronda Doha de desarrollo de negociaciones comerciales, que se suponía que iba a dar a los países pobres nuevas oportunidades de optimizar su crecimiento.

Los subsidios dañan a los agricultores de los países en desarrollo, porque generan una mayor producción y reducen los precios globales. La administración Bush, supuestamente comprometida con los libres mercados de todo el mundo, en realidad casi ha duplicado el nivel de los subsidios agrícolas en EE.UU.

El algodón es un caso ilustrativo del problema. Sin subsidios, no sería rentable para los estadounidenses el producirlo; con ellos, EE.UU. es el mayor exportador mundial de este producto. Cerca de 25.000 agricultores ricos del algodón de EE.UU. se dividen de $3 a $4 mil millones en subsidios, y la mayoría de este dinero termina en una pequeña fracción de destinatarios. La mayor oferta deprime los precios del algodón, afectando a cerca de 10 millones de agricultores sólo en el África subsahariana.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/vlFIruE/es;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.