مؤشر العلاقات عبر الأطلسية

كيف نستطيع أن نقيم حالة العلاقات عبر الأطلسية اليوم؟ إذا ما نظرنا إلى وال ستريت فقد نستطيع أن نقول إن التحالف قد أفاق بعد طول سبات، فأوروبا في كساد، والولايات المتحدة في انحدار واضح.

لقد أفاق التحالف لسبب أساسي واحد: الدفء الذي طرأ على العلاقات بين فرنسا والولايات المتحدة في أعقاب انتخاب نيكولا ساركوزي رئيساً لفرنسا. فللمرة الأولى منذ أسس شارل ديغول الجمهورية الخامسة لم تعد الأولوية الأولى لفرنسا أن تعيش في معارضة دائمة للولايات المتحدة.

الحقيقة أن علامات هذا التحول عميقة ومؤثرة. فمن تشديد الموقف الفرنسي في التعامل مع إيران إلى الدفء الحقيقي في العلاقات مع إسرائيل، ناهيك عن الإشارات الرمزية، مثل إجازة الصيف التي قضاها ساركوزي في أميركا، ورحلة وزير الخارجية الفرنسي برنار كوتشنر إلى بغداد، كل هذا يعبر عن فرنسا جديدة، فرنسا التي تفكر بجدية في العودة إلى البنية العسكرية المتكاملة لحلف شمال الأطلنطي.

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