El imperativo del libre comercio transatlántico

VIENA – La confirmación de la designación de Michael Froman como representante comercial de los Estados Unidos es buena ocasión para destacar las grandes oportunidades que se derivarían de la firma de un acuerdo de libre comercio entre la Unión Europea y Estados Unidos y que beneficiarían a ambas partes y al mundo entero.

La economía global se encuentra en este momento dividida en tres niveles (crecimiento al 6% en los mercados emergentes, 2% en Estados Unidos y cero en Europa) y muestra signos preocupantes de parálisis y unilateralismo nacionalista. No pocos prevén el inicio de guerras de divisas.

En semejante entorno global, económicamente incierto y lleno de tentaciones proteccionistas, el logro de un acuerdo de libre comercio entre los dos bloques comerciales más grandes del mundo (que juntos representan alrededor del 40% del PIB global) es más importante que nunca. A lo largo de la historia, el libre comercio y el crecimiento económico han ido de la mano (lo mismo que el proteccionismo y el estancamiento). Una mayor integración comercial entre Estados Unidos y las economías de la UE fortalecería el crecimiento a ambos lados del Atlántico.

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