Paul Lachine

La tragica cecità negli scambi commerciali

LONDRA – Il Doha Round per la liberalizzazione degli scambi commerciali è sull’orlo del precipizio dopo dieci anni di trattative. Si tratta di una tragedia, dal momento che i benefici scaturiti sulla base di quanto già concordato nei negoziati sono notevoli e potrebbero dare una spinta importante all’economia globale. Il fallimento verrebbe imputato ai leader politici presenti nei maggiori paesi commerciali sia del mondo avanzato che del mondo in via di sviluppo e potrebbe costare all’economia globale un’entrata annua aggiuntiva pari a 700 miliardi di dollari.

Se invece il Round giungesse al termine, ne scaturirebbero, oltre al beneficio generale, specifici miglioramenti per i paesi meno sviluppati del mondo. L’Unione europea, ad esempio, ha già concordato che questi paesi possano ottenere per le proprie esportazioni un accesso ai mercati senza dogane e aliquote e ha abolito i sussidi per l’export sui prodotti agricoli a partire dal 2013.

Esempi di questo genere non mancano. D’altra parte esiste la possibilità che nessuna di queste ipotesi prenda piede se non si giungerà ad un accordo generale per concludere il Round. La prassi che governa i negoziati sul commercio globale è infatti di non consegnare nulla fino a quando non venga raggiunto un accordo su ogni aspetto.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/iDlxpIV/it;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now