Усиление либеральной Японии

Большинство людей, следящих за усилением азиатских государств, сосредоточены на Индии и Китае. Они часто забывают, что японская экономика объёмом 5 триллионов долларов является второй по мощи в мире (мощнее экономик Китая и Индии вместе взятых) с доходом на душу населения, в десять раз превышающим соответствующий показатель для Китая. Более того, Япония ежегодно тратит 40 миллиардов долларов на оборону и обладает пятыми по силе вооружёнными силами в мире. Китайская экономика развивается быстрее, и её общий объём, вероятно, превзойдёт объём экономики Японии лет через десять-двадцать, но любой серьёзный анализ сил в Восточной Азии должен учитывать и Японию в качестве важнейшего фактора.

Япония сыграла в мировой истории уникальную роль. Она стала первой азиатской страной, столкнувшейся с силами глобализации, совладавшей с ними и заставившей их служить её собственным интересам.

Кроме того, Япония дважды сама себя восстанавливала. Во время возрождения Мейдзи девятнадцатого века Япония дала миру идеи и технологии, позволившие ей победить великую европейскую державу в Русско-Японской войне в 1904 г. К сожалению, в 30-ых гг. XX века Япония встала на путь военного империализма, что привело в итоге к её капитуляции и оккупации в 1945 г.

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