Dean Rohrer

La realidad del poder virtual

DAVOS – Mientras los regímenes árabes lidian con manifestaciones alimentadas por Twitter y Al Jazeera, y los diplomáticos norteamericanos intentan entender el impacto de WikiLeaks, resulta evidente que esta era de la información global requerirá una comprensión más sofisticada de cómo funciona el poder en la política mundial.

Este es el argumento de mi nuevo libro, The Future of Power (El futuro del poder). Dos tipos de cambios de poder se están produciendo en este siglo –la transición del poder y la difusión del poder-. La transición del poder de un estado dominante a otro es un patrón histórico familiar, pero la difusión del poder es un proceso más novedoso. El problema para todos los estados hoy es que cada vez suceden más cosas fuera del control de hasta los estados más poderosos.

En cuanto a la transición del poder, hoy en día se derrocha mucha atención en una supuesta decadencia norteamericana, muchas veces con analogías históricas simplistas con Gran Bretaña y Roma. Pero Roma siguió siendo dominante durante más de tres siglos después del apogeo de su poder y, aún entonces, no sucumbió ante el ascenso de otro estado, sino que sufrió una muerte a causa de miles de cortes infligidos por varias tribus bárbaras

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