谁的经济改革?

巴黎—结构性改革和财政整合一起成了欧洲新咒语。国际组织和欧盟机构将结构性改革视为经济复苏、增长和缓和失业之痛的先决条件。

事实上,希腊政府和“三驾马车”(IMF、欧洲央行和欧盟委员会)之间达成的协议包括了一份48页的详细改革清单。非所有国家都有如此之长的待办清单,但自从2010年欧盟新立法被采纳以来,所有国家都收到了具体建议。比如,意大利收到的提要包括了关于公共管理效率、反腐斗争、银行部门公司治理、劳动力市场、学校、税收、开放服务部门以及基础设施等方面的建议。

平心而论,欧洲国家迫切地需要实施深度改革。萎靡的生产率增长和顽固的失业证明,它们的经济需要全面转变。但如果说这给出了改革的理由,那么它并没有给出勾勒有效经济复苏计划的足够的基础。

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