谁的经济改革?

巴黎—结构性改革和财政整合一起成了欧洲新咒语。国际组织和欧盟机构将结构性改革视为经济复苏、增长和缓和失业之痛的先决条件。

事实上,希腊政府和“三驾马车”(IMF、欧洲央行和欧盟委员会)之间达成的协议包括了一份48页的详细改革清单。非所有国家都有如此之长的待办清单,但自从2010年欧盟新立法被采纳以来,所有国家都收到了具体建议。比如,意大利收到的提要包括了关于公共管理效率、反腐斗争、银行部门公司治理、劳动力市场、学校、税收、开放服务部门以及基础设施等方面的建议。

平心而论,欧洲国家迫切地需要实施深度改革。萎靡的生产率增长和顽固的失业证明,它们的经济需要全面转变。但如果说这给出了改革的理由,那么它并没有给出勾勒有效经济复苏计划的足够的基础。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/JbK4yE6/zh;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now