Nový řecký test Evropy

PRINCETON – V uplynulém roce bylo snadné ztratit řeckou dluhovou krizi ze zřetele. Řecko, zaplavené veřejnými prostředky, se zjevně zotavovalo. Privatizační plány se sice zpožďovaly, ale za výrazné utužení fiskálních úspor Řekové získali dobré vysvědčení. Během léta tiché evropské vítězoslávy bylo snadné překonat čím dál nižší očekávání.

Co nevidět ale Řecko znovu podrobí Evropu zkoušce, a to s mimořádnou silou.

Řecká krize byla spektakulárně ohromná. Když vyšlo najevo, že vláda za vládou chybně směřovala své kroky až k mamutím fiskálním schodkům a makroekonomickým nevyváženostem, Řecko ztratilo přístup na mezinárodní trhy s dluhopisy. Od roku 2010 je země závislá na bezprecedentně rozsáhlých veřejných sanačních prostředcích. Jenže řečtí věřitelé – Mezinárodní měnový fond a evropské vlády – si špatně vyložili potíže, s nimiž se země potýká, a tak záchranné úsilí pouze odročilo nevyhnutelnou suverénní platební neschopnost a zapříčinilo prudké smrštění řecké ekonomiky, což bolest ještě zesílilo.

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