希腊对欧洲的新考验

发自普林斯顿——在过去一年中大家很容易会忽视了希腊的债务危机。国库里充斥着各方援助,希腊的情况显然正在好转。尽管私有化计划停滞不前,但希腊在大幅推行财政紧缩方面赢得了很高的分数。在欧洲这个暗怀必胜信念的夏天,继续下行的预期似乎是站不住脚的。

但希腊注定将再次考验欧洲,而且这次的形势将更为严峻。

希腊危机的规模是极为庞大的。当历届政府领导失误导致巨量财政赤字和宏观经济失衡的情况被曝光后,希腊失去了从国际债券市场融资的途径。自2010以来,该国一直依赖空前巨大的官方援助资金来维持。但由于希腊的债权人——国际货币基金组织和欧洲各国政府——误读了希腊所面临的挑战,援助只不过是推迟了不可避免的主权违约,并导致希腊经济大幅收缩,人民的苦难剧增。

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