Pedro Molina

جِني الأسلحة الكيميائية يخرج من القمقم في سوريا

لوس أنجليس  ــ منذ اندلاع الحرب الأهلية في سوريا، كان التفكير في ترسانتها الضخمة من الأسلحة الكيميائية يقض مضاجع الناس في منطقة النزاع وخارجها. والآن تقول إسرائيل إن النظام السوري استخدم الأسلحة الكيميائية بالفعل.

ودفعت المخاوف المتصاعدة الرئيس الأميركي باراك أوباما إلى الإعلان بشكل متكرر أن أي استخدام سوري أو نقل للأسلحة الكيميائية يُعَد تجاوزاً للخط الأحمر، وأن نظام الرئيس بشار الأسد سوف يتحمل تبعات هذا التجاوز. ولكن العواقب العملية المترتبة على هذا التحذير تظل غامضة.

فعلى الرغم من خطورة المخزون من الأسلحة الكيميائية في سوريا، فإن هذا الخطر يتضاءل بالمقارنة بخطر آخر بات واضحاً جلياً في أواخر شهر فبراير/شباط، عندما اجتاح المتمردون السوريون قاعدة للصواريخ سكود في موقع الكبر في الصحراء النائية في شمال شرق البلاد. فتحت المنشآت تقبع البقايا المدفونة للمفاعل النووي الذي كانت كوريا الشمالية تعمل على إنشائه هناك والذي دمرته القوات الجوية الإسرائيلية في السادس من سبتمبر/أيلول 2007.

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