Jak provést mezinárodní měnovou reformu

BRUSEL – Kdyby francouzský prezident Nicolas Sarkozy ke své předsednické funkci ve skupině G20, jíž se právě ujal, komponoval prolog, nemohl by se mu vydařit lépe. Předehru k summitu G20 v Soulu rozrušila série měnových roztržek a do popředí zájmu přivedla mezinárodní měnovou reformu. Francouzské záměry reformovat mezinárodní měnový systém byly zprvu přijímány skepticky, kdežto teď znenadání vypadají jako správná priorita v pravou chvíli.

Úkol to není vůbec snadný. Téma je těžko uchopitelné. Nikdo mimo akademickou obec mu v uplynulých 20 letech nevěnoval pozornost. Na stole tudíž nejsou žádné komplexní návrhy.

Spojené státy, pro něž je mezinárodní měnová reforma synonymem zmenšení globální role dolaru, jsou vlažné. Čína, která s myšlenkou přišla, je potěšena, že se diskuse dostává do pohybu, leč schází jí konkrétní nápady. Čas je na její straně, a tak nevidí důvod ke spěchu.

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