Paul Lachine

北非的现代化伊斯兰主义者

发自摩洛哥非斯市——仅仅一年之前,“阿拉伯之春”在阿拉伯世界点燃了一场剧烈变革的野火。这场人民运动一方面将世俗政权打倒在地,一方面则把一系列公开鼓吹伊斯兰主义的政党送上了权力宝座。而这随之引出了一个当今世界的核心地缘政治问题:对那些国家乃至整个地区来说,这究竟意味着什么?

在北非,已经有两个伊斯兰政党通过民主选举执掌了大权:一个是在“阿拉伯之春”策源地突尼斯的复兴党(al-Nahda),另一个是摩洛哥的发展党,两党都在本国新成立的联合政府中占主导地位。

相对于人民革命推动下的突尼斯政权更替,摩洛哥实现了一个保留皇室的和平转型。去年7月,摩洛哥人以压倒性的优势通过了一个新宪法,将权力从国王身上转移到首相手中,由后者全面负责内阁,公共服务以及政府政策的推行。

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