Иракская война десять лет спустя

КЕМБРИДЖ – В этом месяце исполняется десять лет неоднозначно воспринимаемому в мире вторжению в Ирак, возглавлявшемуся США. Что принесло данное решение за последнее десятилетие? И, главное, было ли решение о вторжении принято правильно?

В положительном плане аналитики указывают на свержение Саддама Хусейна, создание выборного правительства и экономический рост почти на 9% в год с превышением довоенного уровня экспорта нефти. Некоторые эксперты, например Надим Шехади из британского аналитического центра международных отношений Chatham House, пошли дальше, утверждая, что, хотя «США, безусловно, переоценили свои возможности в Ираке», американское вторжение «возможно, стало для региона встряской, выведшей его из застоя, в котором прожили как минимум два поколения».

Скептики отвечают, что было бы неверно связывать Иракскую войну с «арабской весной», потому что события в Тунисе и Египте в 2011 г. имели свои собственные источники, в то время как действия и риторика президента Джорджа Буша-младшего, скорее, дискредитировали дело демократии в регионе, а не содействовали ему. Сместить Саддама Хусейна было важно, но сейчас Ирак является неспокойным местом, в котором правит сектантская группировка; согласно одному из индексов уровня коррупции Ирак находится на 169 месте из 174 стран.

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