Le monde en 2030

CAMBRIDGE – Que sera le monde dans 20 ans ? Evidemment personne ne le sait, néanmoins ont peut tenter de faire des prévisions. C'est une nécessité pour les entreprises et les gouvernements, car les investissements réalisés aujourd'hui auront une durée de vie supérieure à 20 ans. En décembre, le Conseil national du renseignementdes Etats-Unis (NIC) a publié ses prévisions sous l'intitulé Global Trends 2030: Alternative Worlds.

Le NIC prévoit pour 2030 un monde entièrement transformé dans lequel aucun pays - que ce soit les USA, la Chine ou toute autre puissance - ne sera en position hégémonique. Cela traduit quatre "mégatendances" :

- plus de pouvoir sur leur vie pour les individus et croissance d'une classe moyenne mondiale ;

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