Высокие ставки Рио +20

НАЙРОБИ. За несколько недель до начала саммита Земли Рио +20 многие спекулируют о том, как много мировых лидеров там появится и каких соглашений они смогут достичь по основным пунктам повестки дня: создание «зеленой экономики» и создание международной основы для «устойчивого развития». И то, что эти два пункта находятся рядом – не совпадение.

Термин «зеленая экономика» был придуман годы назад, еще до первого саммита Земли в 1992 году, для того чтобы обеспечить новую линзу, через которую можно изучать связи между экономикой и устойчивым развитием.

Но она получила новый импульс в мире, где изменение климата уже стало реальностью, цены на продукты растут, а основные ресурсы, такие как чистый воздух, пахотные земли и пресная вода становятся все более дефицитными. Все больше научных данных, в том числе Глобальный обзор окружающей среды-5 (Global Environment Outlook-5) Программы защиты окружающей среды Организации Объединенных Наций, который вскоре будет опубликован, подтверждают то, что еще 20 лет назад заметили в Рио.

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