La globalización de la senectud

Los activistas globalifóbicos se quejan de que los ricos se están haciendo más ricos. Eso es verdad en muchos aspectos. Sin embargo, los países ricos también están envejeciendo. Este "envejecimiento" de las naciones más ricas del mundo afectará profundamente no sólo a esas sociedades, sino también a los países más pobres.

Según la ONU, la población mundial es actualmente de 6 mil trescientos millones de personas y llegará a 9 mil trescientos millones para mediados del siglo. Se prevé un incremento en la población de 60 años o más de los 629 millones que son hoy en día a 2 mil millones hacia el 2050. Además, la población de edad avanzada misma está envejeciendo. El grupo de 80 años o más constituye el segmento de la población que está creciendo más rápido. Para el 2050, su participación en el grupo de 60 o más aumentará del 12% al 19%.

Este "envejecimiento del mundo" es el resultado natural de la caída en las tasas de fertilidad y el aumento de las expectativas de vida. Aunque la disminución en la fertilidad es global, su ritmo varía de país a país. Los países ricos de Europa, América del Norte y el Este de Asia tienen una proporción de ancianos mucho mayor que los países en desarrollo. Las reducciones en la fertilidad en las zonas más ricas del mundo ya han llevado las tasas de crecimiento de la población a casi cero.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/0BwDPlm/es;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now