Paul Lachine

Состояние дефолта еврозоны

ВАШИНГТОН, ОКРУГ КОЛУМБИЯ. Казахстан, возможно, находится далеко от еврозоны, но его нынешний экономический опыт крайне важен для облегчения нынешних страданий евро. Пока еврозона сражается с долговым кризисом и вводит режим строгой экономии для своих более слабых членов, Казахстан оправляется от крупного краха банковской системы и там наблюдается значительный экономический подъем.

В течение последнего десятилетия Казахстан пользовался расточительной кредитной учтивостью мировых банков – как и большая часть стран юга Европы. Иностранные кредиты казахских банков достигли величины в 50% ВВП, много денежных средств ушло на строительные проекты. Так как поступали деньги, росли зарплаты, цены на недвижимость почти достигли уровня цен на недвижимость в Париже, и люди стали обманывать себя, думая, что Казахстан стал еще одним новым “тигром” Азии.

Празднику наступил конец в 2009 году, когда два предприимчивых всемирных инвестиционных банка сократили сроки погашения ссуд, надеясь получить деньги назад. Правительство Казахстана, которое бросалось деньгами, чтобы поддерживать свои частные банки, у которых были просрочены выплаты, при помощи вливаний капитала и национализации, сдалось и решило прекратить поддержку этих банков. Банки не выполнили свои обязательства по займам, и кредиторы значительно снизили размер обязательств до рыночной стоимости предложенных в обеспечение активов.

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