Экономика мира в Афганистане

КАБУЛ. Теракты с использованием смертников, убийства высшего афганского руководства, жестокие нападения на Чарикар и другие места в окрестностях Кабула, столицы Афганистана, а также резкое увеличение жертв среди гражданского населения от ударов беспилотников, ставят под угрозу вывод американских и натовских войск из страны. Насилие стало настолько распространенным, что Ахмед Рашид, известный эксперт по Талибану, пришел к выводу, что единственным вариантом является ускорение мирного процесса посредством диалога с повстанцами.

Экономика того, как будет выглядеть мир в Афганистане, должна быть важной частью любых переговоров. Но что именно влечет за собой экономика мира, и почему это так важно?

Одна из основных задач должна заключаться в трансформировании обширной подпольной экономики Афганистана, которая выжила, несмотря на присутствие большого количества сил НАТО, создавая выгодные условия для Талибана и других групп, участвующих в боевых действиях. Для реинтеграции этих воюющих сторон в продуктивную экономику потребуются изменения в политике, в том числе быстрое возобновление планов развития сельских районов и поощрение местного предпринимательства, общественных работ и других правовых действий.

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