El dios antidrogas que falló

A los rusos y ucranianos se les está haciendo víctimas una vez más de un sueño utópico. Desde el fin del comunismo en 1991, esos países (y otros) han experimentado un sensible incremento en el uso de drogas. Su respuesta han sido políticas draconianas que son un reflejo de los mensajes simplistas de una sociedad sin drogas que proponen los tratados sobre narcóticos de la ONU y las instituciones encargadas de aplicarlos. Hoy en día esas políticas están contribuyendo a una explosión de infecciones de VIH en gran parte del mundo en desarrollo.

Los tratados de la ONU que guían la política global para los narcóticos no reflejan ninguno de los recientes descubrimientos sobre el uso de drogas y las adicciones. En efecto, la mayoría de las convenciones de la ONU en la materia se adoptaron mucho antes de la aparición del VIH-SIDA, una enfermedad acelerada por el uso de drogas inyectadas en la ex-Unión Soviética y muchas partes de Asia.

Consideremos a Rusia y Ucrania, que tienen la tasa de crecimiento más rápida de infecciones de VIH. El número de personas con VIH en Rusia y Ucrania ha aumentado más de 18 veces durante los últimos cinco años. Se estima que 1.5 millones de rusos y 400,000 ucranianos tienen la enfermedad. Al menos el 85% de los casos se atribuyen al uso de drogas intravenosas.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/pEKxcOc/es;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now