Революции «Аль-Джазиры» – десять лет

В момент своего появления новый спутниковый телеканал из Катара соответствовал своему названию. «Аль-Джазира» – что по-арабски означает «остров» – представлял собой гавань профессионального, независимого, актуального телевещания в море односторонних, контролируемых властями арабских СМИ. До тех пор, пока на сцене не появились журналисты «Аль-Джазиры», в основном прошедшие школу Би-Би-Си, телевизионные новости, которые смотрел средний гражданин арабской страны, ограничивались протокольными новостями, видеорепортажем, отражающим последние события палестинского конфликта, да драматичными фотографиями землетрясений или лесных пожаров.

«Аль-Джазира» же не просто давала в эфир живые интервью и репортажи с места событий; она познакомила арабский мир с дебатами в прямом эфире. Его программа «Аль-Ития аль-Муакесс» («противоположное направление») подарила зрителям словесные дуэли, которые в большей части мира воспринимаются как нечто само собой разумеющееся, но которые арабы ни разу не видели на телевидении. Среди гостей, которых Файзал Хассем приводил в студии Дохи (или связывал друг с другом посредством спутника), были и жители одной и той же арабской страны или региона, но имеющие диаметрально противоположные взгляды.

Хотя жесткий профессионализм новостей и программы наподобие «Аль-Ития аль-Муакесс» подарили зрителям уникальное телевизионное зрелище, настоящую известность «Аль-Джазире» принесли крупные мировые конфликты. Палестинская интифада, теракты в Нью-Йорке и Вашингтоне в сентябре 2001 года, а также вторжение в Афганистан и Ирак привели к тому, что «Аль-Джазира» приобрела влияние во всем мире.

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