China maritime patrol Hou Jiansen/ZumaPress

Evitar el conflicto en el Mar de China Meridional

OXFORD – Cuando una aeronave estadounidense de reconocimiento, P8-A, volaba recientemente cerca del Arrecife Fiery Cross en las Islas Spratly en el Mar de China Meridional, la armada china le instó ocho ocasiones a irse del área. El ministro de Asuntos Exteriores de China, Wang Yi, señaló que “la determinación de China de salvaguardar la soberanía e integridad de su territorio es firme como una roca.” El Secretario de Defensa estadounidense, Ashton Carter, respondió que “[N]o debe haber duda sobre esto: los Estados Unidos seguiremos haciendo actividades por aire, mar u otros medios que las leyes internacionales nos permitan como hacemos en otros lugares del mundo”. ¿Esto quiere decir que es inminente un conflicto entre China y los Estados Unidos en el Mar de China Meridional?

En 1995, cuando yo trabajaba en el Pentágono, China empezó a construir estructuras en el Arrecife Mischief, que las Filipinas reivindican y que está mucho más cerca de sus costas que de las de China. Los Estados Unidos emitieron un comunicado de no tomar partido sobre las reivindicaciones convergentes acerca de las alrededor de 750 rocas, atolones, islotes, cayos y arrecifes que integran las Islas Spratlys, que cubren una área significativa –425,000 kilómetros cuadrados (164,000 millas) – del Mar de China Meridional. Instamos a que las partes involucradas resolvieran sus disputas de forma pacífica.

Sin embargo, los Estados Unidos tomaron una postura firme en cuanto a que el Mar de China Meridional, que incluye importantes rutas marítimas de embarques de petróleo desde Medio Oriente y transporte de contenedores de Europa, y sobre el que aeronaves militares y comerciales vuelan normalmente, era un tema que debía tratarse en el seno de las Naciones Unidas con arreglo al Tratado de Derecho Internacional del Mar, (UNCLOS, por sus siglas en inglés).

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/UwakneJ/es;
  1. Chris J Ratcliffe/Getty Images

    The Brexit Surrender

    European Union leaders meeting in Brussels have given the go-ahead to talks with Britain on post-Brexit trade relations. But, as European Council President Donald Tusk has said, the most difficult challenge – forging a workable deal that secures broad political support on both sides – still lies ahead.

  2. The Great US Tax Debate

    ROBERT J. BARRO vs. JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS on the impact of the GOP tax  overhaul.


    • Congressional Republicans are finalizing a tax-reform package that will reshape the business environment by lowering the corporate-tax rate and overhauling deductions. 

    • But will the plan's far-reaching changes provide the boost to investment and growth that its backers promise?


    ROBERT J. BARRO | How US Corporate Tax Reform Will Boost Growth

    JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS | Robert Barro's Tax Reform Advocacy: A Response

  3. Murdoch's Last Stand?

    Rupert Murdoch’s sale of 21st Century Fox’s entertainment assets to Disney for $66 billion may mark the end of the media mogul’s career, which will long be remembered for its corrosive effect on democratic discourse on both sides of the Atlantic. 

    From enabling the rise of Donald Trump to hacking the telephone of a murdered British schoolgirl, Murdoch’s media empire has staked its success on stoking populist rage.

  4. Bank of England Leon Neal/Getty Images

    The Dangerous Delusion of Price Stability

    Since the hyperinflation of the 1970s, which central banks were right to combat by whatever means necessary, maintaining positive but low inflation has become a monetary-policy obsession. But, because the world economy has changed dramatically since then, central bankers have started to miss the monetary-policy forest for the trees.

  5. Harvard’s Jeffrey Frankel Measures the GOP’s Tax Plan

    Jeffrey Frankel, a professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a former member of President Bill Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers, outlines the five criteria he uses to judge the efficacy of tax reform efforts. And in his view, the US Republicans’ most recent offering fails miserably.

  6. A box containing viles of human embryonic Stem Cell cultures Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images

    The Holy Grail of Genetic Engineering

    CRISPR-Cas – a gene-editing technique that is far more precise and efficient than any that has come before it – is poised to change the world. But ensuring that those changes are positive – helping to fight tumors and mosquito-borne illnesses, for example – will require scientists to apply the utmost caution.

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now