Обвинение ФРС

ФРАНКФУРТ – Критики Федеральной резервной системы США празднуют успех, получив доступ к приводящим в изумление откровениям о ее оценках рисков накануне финансового кризиса. По закону, ФРС обязана публиковать стенограммы встреч Федерального комитета по открытым рынкам (FOMC) с пятилетним отставанием.

Еще до того как полномасштабный кризис разросся до краха Lehman Brothers в 2008 году, уже к лету 2007 года было очевидно, что с кредитными рынками происходит что-то странное, поскольку на них стали возникать разнообразные аномалии. Тем не менее, многие чиновники ФРС явно не хотели признавать значимости происходящего. Один из управляющих высказал мнение, что ФРС должна положительно относиться к тому, что рынки стали беспокоиться о субстандарных ипотечных кредитах. Другой утверждал, что летний стресс на рынках, скорее всего, является лишь временной проблемой.

Различные критики уцепились за эти заявления как за свидетельство некомпетентности ФРС и стали настаивать, что ее независимость должна быть ограничена, а то и хуже. Это нонсенс. Разумеется, все могло и должно было быть сделано лучше, однако говорить, что только управляющие не заметили надвигающуюся катастрофу ‑ это просто нелепо.

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