Paul Lachine

Нужно ли «сдерживать» Китай?

КЕМБРИДЖ. В этом месяце исполняется 40 лет со времени тайного визита Генри Киссинджера в Пекин, благодаря которому был начат процесс исправления 20-летнего периода нарушенных дипломатических отношений США и Китая. Та поездка и последующий визит президента Ричарда Никсона стали главным событием пересмотра отношений во время «холодной войны». США и Китай забыли о своей чрезмерной враждебности в совместной и успешной попытке сдержать экспансионистский Советский Союз.

Сегодня Советский Союз исчез, а сила Китая растет. Некоторые американцы утверждают, что усиление Китая не может быть мирным и что США, поэтому, должны принять сейчас политику сдерживания КНР. Вообще, многие китайские политики считают, что такова и есть текущая стратегия Америки. Они не правы.

В конце концов, сдерживание СССР во время «холодной войны» означало практически полное отсутствие торговли и редкость социальных контактов. Сегодня, напротив, у США с Китаем не только огромная торговля, но и обширные социальные контакты: например, в американских университетах обучается 125 000 китайских студентов.

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