分享工作

发自伯克利——美国目前正面临着一场自1930年代以来从未有过的长期失业危机。正如美联储主席伯南克(Ben Bernanke)在最近一次演说中提到的那样:大概有40%的失业者已失业超过6个月,比二战后任何一次衰退中出现的比率都要高。

这场长期失业危机正在对那些受影响者的生活造成深远的影响。而我们之所以知道这一点,就是得益于一系列对1930年代大萧条的深入细致研究。

其中最广为人知的是E·怀特·巴克(E. Wight Bakke)——此君当时还是位研究生,后来成为耶鲁大学经济学教授——对康涅狄格州纽黑文市长期失业的研究。通过参与者访谈,个人观察,时间日志和纵向研究等方式,巴克说明了失业期的不断延长是如何导致劳动者丧失其技能并使之更难以找到新工作的。长期失业同时也会引发一系列生理和心理问题,其中包括意志消沉,对事物丧失兴趣以及社会孤立感。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/lstjIBE/zh;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.