El renacimiento político paquistaní

LAHORE – Las instituciones paquistaníes están evolucionando rápidamente. Ahora que la autoridad ejecutiva se concentra cada vez más en manos de representantes electos en vez de estar dispersa entre varias instituciones que compiten entre sí, la clase dirigente política se ha revitalizado y ha dado tres pasos importantes para fortalecer la democracia y el imperio de la ley. Pakistán, un país con una larga tradición de golpes militares, ¿está desarrollando finalmente un sistema político con buen funcionamiento?

El 27 de noviembre, el presidente paquistaní Mamnoon Hussain –según el consejo del primer ministro, como lo dicta la constitución– anunció que el General Raheel Sharif sucedería al General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani como jefe militar del Estado Mayor, aun cuando Sharif no se contaba entre los candidatos preferidos por el establishment. A diferencia de Kayani –quien dirigió el Directorado General de Operaciones Militares y la Inteligencia Interservicios (la agencia de inteligencia paquistaní) – Sharif no ocupó ninguno de los puestos que habitualmente preparan a alguien para conducir la institución mejor financiada y más influyente de Pakistán.

Este no fue el primer acto del primer ministro Nawaz Sharif en desafío contra los militares. Unos pocos días antes, pidió a la Corte Suprema que designara un tribunal especial de tres jueces para investigar los cargos de traición contra el expresidente paquistaní, el General Pervez Musharraf, por imponer el estado de excepción y suspender la constitución en noviembre de 2007.

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