Vicios en la posición de la balanza de pagos china

PEKÍN – Los datos de la balanza de pagos publicados por la Administración Estatal de Divisas (AED) china en abril debieron haber dado lugar a graves preocupaciones, e incluso a alarmas.

Los datos ajustaron el déficit de la renta de la inversión china para 2011 de 26,8 mil millones de dólares a 85,3 mil millones de dólares: una revisión enorme que arroja dudas sobre la confiabilidad de las estadísticas chinas de balanza de pagos y expone una falla en la vía de crecimiento de la economía. Pero a pocos parece importarles.

Según la AED, a febrero de 2012 China había acumulado 4,7 billones de dólares en activos externos mediante compras de valores del gobierno de Estados Unidos y otras inversiones, y más de 2,9 billones de dólares en pasivos externos a través de inversión extranjera directa (IED) y endeudamiento. Esto da un resultado neto para los activos externos de China de aproximadamente 1,8 billones de dólares.

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