European Parliament/Flickr

El regreso del alemán feo

BERLÍN – Durante la larga noche de negociaciones sobre Grecia del 12 al 13 de julio, algo fundamental para la Unión Europea se quebró. Desde entonces, los europeos han estado viviendo en una clase diferente de UE.

Lo que cambió aquella noche fue la Alemania que los europeos han conocido desde el fin de la segunda guerra mundial. En la superficie, las negociaciones versaban sobre la necesidad de evitar la salida de Grecia de la zona del euro y las nefastas consecuencias que tendría para ella y para la unión monetaria. Sin embargo, en un nivel más profundo lo que estaba en juego era el papel que debe desempeñar en Europa su país más populoso y económicamente más potente.

El resurgimiento de Alemania después de la segunda guerra mundial y su recuperación de la confianza del mundo (que llegó a su punto culminante en el consentimiento para la reunificación alemana cuatro decenios y medio después) se basó en unos sólidos pilares de las políticas interior y  exterior. En el interior, surgió rápidamente una democracia estable, basada en el Estado de derecho. El éxito económico del Estado de bienestar de Alemania resultó ser un modelo para Europa y la disposición de los alemanes a afrontar los crímenes de los nazis, sin reservas, mantuvo un escepticismo, profundamente arraigado, sobre todos los asuntos militares.

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