Rescuing Nuclear Non-Proliferation

As a declared non-nuclear weapon state, Indonesia has always striven for nuclear non-proliferation - indeed, for a world free of nuclear weapons. But the cause of nuclear non-proliferation is now in deep trouble, as countries are once again tempted to acquire the means of oblivion.

For over three decades, the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) has been the cornerstone of the world's non-proliferation regime, a position that derives from growing acknowledgement of the legal and normative standards that it established. Adherence to the NPT has increased steadily, reaching a stage of near universal acceptance.

But there is a general feeling that implementation has fallen short of expectations, particularly with regard to nuclear disarmament. Moreover, there is increasing concern over non-compliance and the associated risks of proliferation - to worrisome states, particularly in Asia, and, even more ominously, into the hands of private individuals and terrorist organizations.