migrant ship Coast Guard News/Flickr

侨民金矿

美国剑桥—许多国家都有大量侨民,但以此为荣的不多。毕竟,当一国表现出色时,没有人愿意离开祖国,因此侨民的存在意味着一国有过比较黑暗的时期。

2010年,萨尔瓦多、尼加拉瓜和古巴三国有超过10%的本国人口生活在海外。这一数字尚不包括他们的子孙后代。这一移民群体大多是在内战或革命期间移居外国的。换句话说,人口大规模外迁发生在政治变局时,正如欧洲人口大规模外迁发生在共产主义倒台时。

侨民和祖国的关系常常包含了各种情绪,包括不信任、怨恨、嫉妒和敌意。从语言上说,人们将移民潮称为一国“失去”一定比例人口的时期。

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