Реконструкция капитализма

ПАРИЖ – когда главы двадцати крупнейших стран мира собираются на срочное заседание, как это только что произошло в Вашингтоне, это свидетельствует о всей серьёзности текущего глобального кризиса. Совещание не принесло обширных результатов, за исключением принятия решения об улучшении контроля и регулирования финансовых потоков. Что ещё более важно, участники совещания взяли на себя обязательства по проведению длительного процесса реформирования мировой финансовой системы.   

Разумеется, те, кто представляли себе вторую Бреттон-Вудскую конференцию, были разочарованы. Однако первоначальная Бреттон-Вудская система также была разработана не за один день; конференции 1944 года предшествовали предварительные переговоры, занявшие два с половиной года – возможно, минимальный срок, требующийся для решения вопросов подобной важности. Недавно состоявшийся саммит Группы двадцати был проведён при почти полном отсутствии предварительной подготовки.  

Теперь перед нами стоит три задачи. Во-первых, для того, чтобы остановить обвал международной финансовой системы, под неё требуется подвести основу. Во-вторых, по восстановлении системы необходимо создание нового регламента, поскольку следование нынешнему, если его оставить без изменений, только породит дальнейшие кризисы. Найти действенные пропорции изменений будет нелегко. В течение последних 25 лет мир каждые пять лет оказывался в состоянии очередного кризиса, каждый раз по независимым на вид причинам.   

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