Potvrďme Evropu

ŘÍM/STOCKHOLM – Probíhající světová hospodářská krize otřásá názory a přístupy, které jsou už dlouho zakotvené v evropských politikách. Ba krize zpochybňuje samotné základy Evropské unie. Je naléhavě zapotřebí potvrdit stěžejní charakter a identitu Evropy. Musíme znovu stvrdit samotnou podstatu našeho evropského modelu – modelu, který je otevřený interně, externě i globálně.

Interně by Evropa měla zůstat jak otevřenou společností, tak otevřenou ekonomikou. Je třeba bojovat proti ochranářským svodům, které by rozložily samotné základy evropského projektu, založeného na „čtyřech svobodách“: volném pohybu zboží, osob, služeb a kapitálu.

Evropský plán ekonomického oživení, který nedávno potvrdila evropská Rada ministrů, se ale zaměřuje hlavně na národní opatření k podpoře domácí poptávky. Při realizaci tohoto plánu se vlády musí ubránit pokušení proměnit národní opatření v úzké protekcionistické intriky. Takový vývoj by ohrožoval narůstající nezaměstnanost v Evropě i jinde a výrazně by ztížil zápas s krizí. Návrat k ekonomickému, sociálnímu či politickému nacionalismu jednoduše není řešením.

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