Bosnia: la justicia tarda, pero llega

CHICAGO – El 24 de marzo, el Tribunal Penal Internacional para la ex Yugoslavia (TPIY) sentenció a Radovan Karadžić (líder político de los serbobosnios durante la guerra de los noventa en los Balcanes) a 40 años de prisión por genocidio, crímenes contra la humanidad y crímenes de guerra. La sentencia influirá profundamente en el derecho internacional, disuadirá a otros de cometer atrocidades similares y abrirá la posibilidad de una reconciliación política en Bosnia. Los líderes que infringen las normas del derecho (como los de Siria, Sudán, Sudán del Sur, Rusia y Estado Islámico) acaban de recibir un recordatorio de que no pueden escapar a la justicia internacional.

Y el llamado a la reflexión no es solo para potenciales criminales de guerra. Las opiniones incendiarias de Karadžić (que una vez dijo que los musulmanes no podían convivir con otros) todavía resuenan en oscuros rincones de una Europa atemorizada con dificultades para acoger a cientos de miles de refugiados musulmanes y en las campañas presidenciales nativistas de Donald Trump y Ted Cruz en Estados Unidos.

Hace veinte años (en 1996), yo era asesor legal de Madeleine Albright, entonces embajadora de Estados Unidos ante las Naciones Unidas. En el Consejo de Seguridad Nacional de los Estados Unidos insistimos en el arresto de Karadžić (encausado por el TPIY un año antes, junto con el general serbobosnio Ratko Mladić, cuyo juicio continúa en La Haya). Pero ambos hombres eludieron la captura por años, en parte porque muchos funcionarios de la OTAN y de Estados Unidos no estaban todavía preparados para aceptar los riesgos que implicaba atraparlos.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/PV4iW6k/es;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now