La construcción de Líbano

La crisis actual en Líbano es una crisis del Estado libanés. Para detener la violencia es necesario abordar esta crisis estructural.

Cuando Israel retiró sus fuerzas del sur de Líbano en 2000, el acuerdo internacional era que el gobierno libanés reimpondría su autoridad en el área evacuada. El grupo Jezbolá, que encabezó la lucha armada en contra de la ocupación israelí, debía desarmarse y redefinirse como una fuerza política que representara a la comunidad chiíta que había sido marginada históricamente por las élites gobernantes maronitas, sunitas y druzas del país.

Nada de esto sucedió. En lugar de colocar sus fuerzas en el sur de Líbano, el débil gobierno de Beirut consintió la decisión de Jezbolá de convertir la zona en una plataforma para los ataques en contra de Israel. Durante los últimos seis años, Jezbolá estableció virtualmente un Estado dentro de un Estado: su milicia se convirtió en la única fuerza militar en el sur de Líbano, y estableció puestos de avanzada a lo largo de la frontera con Israel, algunas veces a tan sólo algunos metros de ella. De vez en cuando, Jezbolá bombardeaba a Israel y su líder, Hassan Nassrallah, proseguía sus espeluznantes invectivas no sólo en contra de Israel y el sionismo, sino en contra de todos los judíos.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now